PinYin Initial - ch

How to pronounce ch in Mandarin Chinese Pinyin

  • Open your mouth a little.
  • Tilt the tip of your tongue against the front of your hard palate..
  • Then relax the tip of your tongue a little.
  • Squeeze the air.
  • Then make a narrow gap.
  • The air flow is squeezed out of the gap.
  • The extruded air flow is strong when pronouncing ch.

Similar English Phoneme: Like "ch" in "peach" and "match".


The pronunciation of an initial consonant is very short.
Actually, what you hear is a syllable pronounced as a whole ,as shown below:

Pronunciation differences between zh and ch.

zh: un-aspirated, the airflow is weak when pronouncing zh.

ch: aspirated, the airflow is relatively stronger when pronouncing ch.

Put your hand in front of your mouth to feel the airflow.

Pronunciation differences: dtnl VS. zcs VS. zhchsh