PinYin Initial - r

How to pronounce r in Mandarin Chinese Pinyin

  • Open your mouth a little.
  • Roll up the tip of your tongue near the front of the hard palate.
  • Leave a narrow gap.
  • Squeeze the air flow out of the gap.
  • When pronouncing, the vocal cords vibrate.

Similar English Phoneme: No.


The pronunciation of an initial consonant is very short.
Actually, what you hear is a spelled pronunciation, just as shown below:

Refer to: Finals table to see how to pronounce "i", and PinYin Spelling to see how to spell "pinyin".

Pronunciation differences between sh and r.

The skills of pronouncing r is basically the same as that of sh, except that the tip of the tongue is slightly rolled up when raised. The vocal cords should vibrate when pronouncing.