PinYin Initial - s

How to pronounce s in Mandarin Chinese Pinyin

  • Open the mouth a little.
  • Extend the tip of your tongue forward, close to the back of the upper incisor.
  • Leave a narrow gap.
  • The air flow is squeezed out of the gap.

Similar English Phoneme: Like "s" in "spend","sunday" and "slow".


The pronunciation of an initial consonant is very short.
Actually, what you hear is a syllable pronounced as a whole ,as shown below:

Pronunciation differences: dtnl VS. zcs VS. zhchsh