PinYin Initial - sh

How to pronounce sh in Mandarin Chinese Pinyin

  • Open your mouth a little.
  • Tilt the tip of your tongue, close to the front of your hard palate.
  • Leave a narrow gap.
  • Squeeze the air flow out of the gap.

Similar English Phoneme: Like "sh" in "shy","she" and "sheep".


The pronunciation of an initial consonant is very short.
Actually, what you hear is a syllable pronounced as a whole ,as shown below:

Pronunciation differences between sh and r.

The skills of pronouncing r is basically the same as that of sh, except that the tip of the tongue is slightly rolled up when raised. The vocal cords should vibrate when pronouncing.

Pronunciation differences: dtnl VS. zcs VS. zhchsh